The province of Thessalia covers much of east-central Greece. From high mountains to beaches and modern city’s the region of Thessalia has them all in abundance. Mounts Pindus, Olympus, Pelion, Othrys, Ossa and Agrapha surround the fertile plain of Thessalia in central Greece. The River Pinios, coming down from the western slopes of Pindus, cuts Thessalia in two, passes through the valley of Tempi and meets the sea.
On the western edge of the plain of Thessalia one comes upon a unique phenomenon of nature, 24 perpendicular rocks on which about 600 years ago Byzantine monks chose to worship God and built Meteora, their monastic community. How they came to build these monasteries on the top of these virtually inaccessible rocks is a subject of fascination for pilgrims and visitors alike.
Thessalia has close links with the mythical past of Greece. Olympus, home of the immortal gods and land of the Centaurs is only one of the many areas. Archaeologists have unearthed the remains of Mycenaean settlements at Iolcos, Dimini and Sesklo. In ancient Greek times, the region came under the rule of barons who controlled the region and later took control of the Amphictyonic league who at that time controlled much of central and northern Greece.
During the 4th century BC, the region of Thessalia became dependent to the region of Macedonia. The Romans formally incorporated Thessalia into the province of Macedonia, in circa 300 AD; Thessalia became a separate province with its capital at Larissa. In the years following, the region has been under the control of many conquerors among them the Byzantines and Turks.